Thursday, March 07, 2019

Fed's Flow of Funds: Household Net Worth decreased in Q4

by Calculated Risk on 3/07/2019 01:11:00 PM

The Federal Reserve released the Q4 2018 Flow of Funds report today: Flow of Funds.

According to the Fed, household net worth decreased in Q4 2018 to $104.3 trillion, from $106.9 trillion in Q3 2018:

The net worth of households and nonprofits fell to $104.3 trillion during the fourth quarter of 2018. The value of directly and indirectly held corporate equities decreased $4.6 trillion and the value of real estate increased $0.3 trillion.
The Fed estimated that the value of household real estate increased to $25.9 trillion in Q4. The value of household real estate is now above the bubble peak in early 2006 - but not adjusted for inflation, and this also includes new construction.

Household Net Worth as Percent of GDP Click on graph for larger image.

The first graph shows Households and Nonprofit net worth as a percent of GDP.  Household net worth, as a percent of GDP, is higher than the peak in 2006 (housing bubble), and above the stock bubble peak.

This includes real estate and financial assets (stocks, bonds, pension reserves, deposits, etc) net of liabilities (mostly mortgages). Note that this does NOT include public debt obligations.

Household Percent EquityThis graph shows homeowner percent equity since 1952.

Household percent equity (as measured by the Fed) collapsed when house prices fell sharply in 2007 and 2008.

In Q4 2018, household percent equity (of household real estate) was at 60.0% - up from Q3, and the highest since 2002. This was because of an increase in house prices in Q4 (the Fed uses CoreLogic).

Note: about 30.3% of owner occupied households had no mortgage debt as of April 2010. So the approximately 50+ million households with mortgages have far less than 60.0% equity - and about 2.2 million homeowners still have negative equity.

Household Real Estate Assets Percent GDP The third graph shows household real estate assets and mortgage debt as a percent of GDP.

Mortgage debt increased by $56 billion in Q4.

Mortgage debt has declined by $0.36 trillion from the peak, and, as a percent of GDP is at 49.5%, down from a peak of 73.5% of GDP during the housing bubble.

The value of real estate, as a percent of GDP, was unchanged in Q4, and is above the average of the last 30 years (excluding bubble).  However, mortgage debt as a percent of GDP, continues to decline.