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Sunday, November 27, 2022

Realtor.com Reports Weekly Active Inventory Up 49% Year-over-year; New Listings Down 17%

by Calculated Risk on 11/27/2022 10:20:00 AM

Realtor.com has monthly and weekly data on the existing home market. Here is their weekly report released today from Chief Economist Danielle Hale: Weekly Housing Trends View — Data Week Ending Nov 19, 2022. Note: They have data on list prices, new listings and more, but this focus is on inventory.

Active inventory continued to grow, increasing 49% above one year ago. Inventory accelerated again, notching a sixth straight week of growth in the yearly trend roughly at or above 2%–in this case nearly double.
...
New listings–a measure of sellers putting homes up for sale–were again down, dropping 17% from one year ago. This marks a twentieth straight week of year over year declines in homeowners listing their home for sale, a tangible reflection of the ongoing decline in seller confidence.
Realtor YoY Active ListingsHere is a graph of the year-over-year change in inventory according to realtor.com

Note the rapid increase in the YoY change earlier this year, from down 30% at the beginning of the year, to up 29% YoY at the beginning of July.

Then the Realtor.com data was stuck at up around 26% to 30% YoY for 14 weeks in a row.  This was due to the slowdown in new listings, even as sales had fallen sharply.

Now YoY inventory is increasing again with even higher mortgage rates, suggesting sales are off more than new listings.

Saturday, November 26, 2022

Real Estate Newsletter Articles this Week: "With rising cancellations, the Census Bureau overestimates New Home sales"

by Calculated Risk on 11/26/2022 02:11:00 PM

At the Calculated Risk Real Estate Newsletter this week:

New Home Sales Increased in October; Completed Inventory Increased With rising cancellations, the Census Bureau overestimates sales

Lawler: Likely "Dramatic shift" in Household Formation has "Major implications" for 2023

Final Look at Local Housing Markets in October

Case-Shiller, FHFA House Prices Indexes and Conforming Loan Limits will be released on Tuesday


This is usually published 4 to 6 times a week and provides more in-depth analysis of the housing market.

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Schedule for Week of November 27, 2022

by Calculated Risk on 11/26/2022 08:11:00 AM

The key report this week is the November employment report on Friday.

Other key indicators include the 2nd estimate of Q3 GDP, the September Case-Shiller and FHFA house price indexes, October Personal Income & Outlays (and PCE), the November ISM manufacturing index, and November vehicle sales.

Fed Chair Powell speaks on the economic outlook, inflation and the labor market on Thursday.

----- Monday, November 28th -----

10:30 AM: Dallas Fed Survey of Manufacturing Activity for November. This is the last of the regional Fed manufacturing surveys for November.

----- Tuesday, November 29th -----

Case-Shiller House Prices Indices9:00 AM ET: S&P/Case-Shiller House Price Index for September.

This graph shows graph shows the Year over year change in the seasonally adjusted National Index, Composite 10 and Composite 20 indexes through the most recent report (the Composite 20 was started in January 2000).

The consensus is for a 14.4% year-over-year increase in the Composite 20 index for September.

9:00 AM: FHFA House Price Index for September. This was originally a GSE only repeat sales, however there is also an expanded index. The 2023 Conforming loan limits will also be announced.

----- Wednesday, November 30th -----

7:00 AM ET: The Mortgage Bankers Association (MBA) will release the results for the mortgage purchase applications index.

8:15 AM: The ADP Employment Report for November. This report is for private payrolls only (no government).  The consensus is for 200,000 jobs added, down from 239,000 in October.

8:30 AM: Gross Domestic Product (Second Estimate) and Corporate Profits (Preliminary), 3rd Quarter 2022. The consensus is that real GDP increased 2.7% annualized in Q3, up from the advance estimate of 2.6% in Q3.

9:45 AM: Chicago Purchasing Managers Index for November.

Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey10:00 AM ET: Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey for October from the BLS.

This graph shows job openings (black line), hires (purple), Layoff, Discharges and other (red column), and Quits (light blue column) from the JOLTS.

Jobs openings increased in September to 10.717 million from 10.280 million in August.

10:00 AM: Pending Home Sales Index for October. The consensus is for a 5.0% decrease in the index.

1:30 PM: Speech, Fed Chair Jerome Powell, Economic Outlook, Inflation, and the Labor Market, At the Brookings Institution, 1775 Massachusetts Avenue N.W., Washington, D.C.

2:00 PM: the Federal Reserve Beige Book, an informal review by the Federal Reserve Banks of current economic conditions in their Districts.

10:30 AM: (likely) FDIC Quarterly Banking Profile, Third quarter.

----- Thursday, December 1st -----

8:30 AM: The initial weekly unemployment claims report will be released.  The consensus is for 235 thousand initial claims, down from 240 thousand last week.

8:30 AM ET: Personal Income and Outlays, October 2022. The consensus is for a 0.4% increase in personal income, and for a 0.8% increase in personal spending. And for the Core PCE price index to increase 0.3%.  PCE prices are expected to be up 6.2% YoY, and core PCE prices up 5.0% YoY.

10:00 AM: ISM Manufacturing Index for November.  The consensus is for 50.0%, down from 50.2%.

10:00 AM: Construction Spending for October.  The consensus is for 0.3% decrease in spending.

Vehicle SalesAll day: Light vehicle sales for November.

The consensus is for 14.9 million SAAR in November, unchanged from the BEA estimate of 14.9 million SAAR in October (Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate).

This graph shows light vehicle sales since the BEA started keeping data in 1967. The dashed line is the current sales rate.

2:00 PM: the Federal Reserve Beige Book, an informal review by the Federal Reserve Banks of current economic conditions in their Districts.

----- Friday, December 2nd -----

Employment Recessions, Scariest Job Chart8:30 AM: Employment Report for October.   The consensus is for 200,000 jobs added, and for the unemployment rate to be unchanged at 3.7%.

There were 261,000 jobs added in September, and the unemployment rate was at 3.7%.

This graph shows the job losses from the start of the employment recession, in percentage terms.

The current employment recession was by far the worst recession since WWII in percentage terms. However, as of August, all of the jobs had returned and, as of September, were 804 thousand above pre-pandemic levels.

Friday, November 25, 2022

COVID Nov 25, 2022: Update on Cases, Hospitalizations and Deaths

by Calculated Risk on 11/25/2022 08:08:00 PM

NOTE: COVID stats are updated on Fridays.

On COVID (focus on hospitalizations and deaths).  Data has switched to weekly.


Weekly deaths bottomed in July 2021 at 1,666.

COVID Metrics
 NowWeek
Ago
Goal
New Cases per Week2🚩305,082281,691≤35,0001
Hospitalized221,29321,578≤3,0001
Deaths per Week2🚩2,6442,266≤3501
1my goals to stop weekly posts,
2Weekly for Cases, Currently Hospitalized, and Deaths
🚩 Increasing number weekly for Cases, Hospitalized, and Deaths
✅ Goal met.

COVID-19 Deaths per DayClick on graph for larger image.

This graph shows the weekly (columns) number of deaths reported.


Case-Shiller, FHFA House Prices Indexes and Conforming Loan Limits will be released on Tuesday

by Calculated Risk on 11/25/2022 10:38:00 AM

Today, in the Calculated Risk Real Estate Newsletter: Case-Shiller, FHFA House Prices Indexes and Conforming Loan Limits will be released on Tuesday

Brief excerpt:

Last week, the National Association of Realtors® (NAR) reported that median house prices were up 6.6% year-over-year (YoY) in October. This is down from the peak growth rate of 25.2% YoY in May 2021.

Last month, Case-Shiller reported that the National Index was up 13.0% YoY in August, down from a YoY peak of 20.8% in March 2022.

The median prices reported by the NAR are for the most recent month only, so the prices are very timely. However, the prices can be distorted by the mix of homes sold.

Case-Shiller is a repeat sales index (they compare the current price of home to the previous sales price), and it a three-month average. So, the most recent report (for August), was actually for homes closed in June, July and August.

Active InventoryAlthough median prices can be distorted by the mix and repeat sales indexes (like Case-Shiller and the FHFA) are more accurate measures of house prices, the median price index might provide earlier hints on the direction of prices.

The following graph shows YoY price changes for the NAR median house prices, Case-Shiller National price index, and the FHFA purchase-only index (Fannie and Freddie loans only).

Most of the time, the NAR median price leads the Case-Shiller index, and even though the Case-Shiller September index will show a solid YoY gain, I expect house price growth to decelerate further in coming months and turn negative YoY soon.
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Philly Fed: State Coincident Indexes Increased in 20 States in October

by Calculated Risk on 11/25/2022 09:15:00 AM

From the Philly Fed:

The Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia has released the coincident indexes for the 50 states for October 2022. Over the past three months, the indexes increased in 36 states, decreased in 11 states, and remained stable in three, for a three-month diffusion index of 50. Additionally, in the past month, the indexes increased in 20 states, decreased in 22 states, and remained stable in eight, for a one-month diffusion index of -4. For comparison purposes, the Philadelphia Fed has also developed a similar coincident index for the entire United States. The Philadelphia Fed’s U.S. index increased 0.7 percent over the past three months and 0.1 percent in October
emphasis added
Note: These are coincident indexes constructed from state employment data. An explanation from the Philly Fed:
The coincident indexes combine four state-level indicators to summarize current economic conditions in a single statistic. The four state-level variables in each coincident index are nonfarm payroll employment, average hours worked in manufacturing by production workers, the unemployment rate, and wage and salary disbursements deflated by the consumer price index (U.S. city average). The trend for each state’s index is set to the trend of its gross domestic product (GDP), so long-term growth in the state’s index matches long-term growth in its GDP.
Philly Fed State Conincident Map Click on map for larger image.

Here is a map of the three-month change in the Philly Fed state coincident indicators. This map was all red during the worst of the Pandemic and also at the worst of the Great Recession.

The map is mostly positive on a three-month basis.

Source: Philly Fed.

Philly Fed Number of States with Increasing ActivityAnd here is a graph is of the number of states with one month increasing activity according to the Philly Fed. 

This graph includes states with minor increases (the Philly Fed lists as unchanged).

In October 23 states had increasing activity including minor increases.

Thursday, November 24, 2022

Five Economic Reasons to be Thankful

by Calculated Risk on 11/24/2022 11:28:00 AM

Here are five economic reasons to be thankful this Thanksgiving. (Hat Tip to Neil Irwin who started doing this years ago)

1) The Unemployment Rate is Near 50 Year Low

unemployment rateThe unemployment rate was at 3.7% in October. The unemployment rate is down from 14.7% in April 2020 (the highest since the Great Depression).

The unemployment rate is down from 4.6% a year ago (October 2021). 


This was just up from 3.5% in September - and that matched the lowest unemployment rate since 1969!

2) Low unemployment claims.

This graph shows the 4-week moving average of weekly claims since 1971.

Weekly claims were at 240,000 last week.

The dashed line on the graph is the current 4-week average.

Even though weekly claims have moved up a little recently, the 4-week average is close to the lowest level in 50 years.

3) Mortgage Debt as a Percent of GDP is much lower than during Housing Bubble

Mortgage Debt as Percent GDP This graph shows household mortgage debt as a percent of GDP.  

Note this graph was impacted by the sharp decline in Q2 2020 GDP.

Mortgage debt is up $1.46 trillion from the peak during the housing bubble, but, as a percent of GDP is at 48.9%, down from a peak of 73.3% of GDP during the housing bust.

4) Mortgage Delinquency Rate at Lowest Level since at least 1979

MBA Delinquency by Period
This graph, based on data from the MBA through Q3 2022, shows the percent of loans delinquent by days past due.  Mortgage delinquencies were at the lowest level since the MBA survey started in 1979.

Note: The sharp increase in 2020 in the 90-day bucket was due to loans in forbearance (included as delinquent, but not reported to the credit bureaus).

The percent of loans in the foreclosure process increased year-over-year in Q3 with the end of the foreclosure moratoriums.

5) Household Debt burdens at Low Levels

Financial ObligationsThis graph, based on data from the Federal Reserve, shows the Total Debt Service Ratio (DSR), and the DSR for mortgages (blue) and consumer debt (yellow).

The Household debt service ratio was at 13.2% in 2007 and has fallen to under 10% now., and the DSR for mortgages (blue) are near the lowest level for the last 35 years.  

This data suggests aggregate household cash flow is in a solid position.

Happy Thanksgiving to All!

Wednesday, November 23, 2022

Freddie Mac: Mortgage Serious Delinquency Rate decreased in October

by Calculated Risk on 11/23/2022 06:12:00 PM

Freddie Mac reported that the Single-Family serious delinquency rate in October was 0.66%, down from 0.67% September. Freddie's rate is down year-over-year from 1.32% in October 2021.

Freddie's serious delinquency rate peaked in February 2010 at 4.20% following the housing bubble and peaked at 3.17% in August 2020 during the pandemic.

These are mortgage loans that are "three monthly payments or more past due or in foreclosure".

Fannie Freddie Seriously Delinquent RateClick on graph for larger image

Mortgages in forbearance are being counted as delinquent in this monthly report but are not reported to the credit bureaus.

The serious delinquency rate was at 0.60% just prior to the pandemic - almost back to that level.

Note that multi-family delinquencies have been increasing and were at 0.15% in October.

Q4 GDP Tracking: Moving on up

by Calculated Risk on 11/23/2022 12:49:00 PM

From BofA:

On net, today's data pushed up our 4Q US GDP tracking from 1.4% q/q saar to 1.8% q/q saar and left our 3Q US GDP tracking unchanged at 3.0% q/q saar. [Nov 23rd estimate]
emphasis added
From Goldman:
We boosted our Q4 GDP tracking estimate by 0.5pp to +1.5% (qoq ar). [Nov 23rd estimate]
And from the Altanta Fed: GDPNow
The GDPNow model estimate for real GDP growth (seasonally adjusted annual rate) in the fourth quarter of 2022 is 4.3 percent on November 23, up from 4.2 percent on November 17. [Nov 23rd estimate]

New Home Sales Increased in October; Completed Inventory Increased

by Calculated Risk on 11/23/2022 10:39:00 AM

Today, in the Calculated Risk Real Estate Newsletter: New Home Sales Increased in October; Completed Inventory Increased

Brief excerpt:

The next graph shows the months of supply by stage of construction. “Months of supply” is inventory at each stage, divided by the sales rate.

Active InventoryThere are 1.2 months of completed supply (red line). This is getting close to the normal level.

The inventory of new homes under construction is at 5.7 months (blue line). This elevated level of homes under construction is due to supply chain constraints.

And a record 111 thousand homes have not been started - about 2.1 months of supply (grey line) - about double the normal level. Homebuilders are probably waiting to start some homes until they have a firmer grasp on prices and demand.
...
First, as I discussed two months ago, the Census Bureau overestimates sales, and underestimates inventory when cancellation rates are rising, see: New Home Sales and Cancellations: Net vs Gross Sales. So, take the headline sales number with a large grain of salt - the actual negative impact on the homebuilders is far greater than the headline number suggests!
...
There are a large number of homes under construction, and this suggests we will see a sharp increase in completed inventory over the next several months - and that will put pressure on new home prices.
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