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Saturday, September 08, 2012

Summary for Week Ending Sept 7th

by Calculated Risk on 9/08/2012 08:07:00 AM

The key event of the week was in Europe when ECB President Mario Draghi announced the Outright Monetary Transactions (OMT). It is hard to tell how effective these measures will be, although analysts at Nomura think the OMT bought policymakers three months at best: "This latest round of policy announcements could buy up to three months should countries call for help relatively quickly and conditions attached to the bail outs are light."

In the US, it was a busy week. The employment report was weak again with only 96,000 payroll jobs added in August, and the ISM manufacturing index suggested contraction in manufacturing for the fourth consecutive month.

Other data was a little better - vehicle sales in August were at 14.5 million SAAR, the ISM services index was above expectation, and initial weekly unemployment claims declined more than expected.

But the key report was employment, and payroll job growth remains sluggish.

Here is a summary of last week in graphs:

August Employment Report: 96,000 Jobs, 8.1% Unemployment Rate

Payroll jobs added per monthThere were 96,000 payroll jobs added in August, with 103,000 private sector jobs added, and 7,000 government jobs lost. The unemployment rate decreased to 8.1% (from the household survey), and the participation rate declined to 63.5%. The decline in the unemployment rate was mostly due to the lower participation rate.

U-6, an alternate measure of labor underutilization that includes part time workers and marginally attached workers, declined to 14.7%.

The change in payroll employment for July was revised down from +163,000 to +141,000, and June was revised down from +64,000 to +45,000, for a total revision of minus 41,000 over those two months.

This was below expectations of 125,000 payroll jobs added.

Employment Pop Ratio, participation and unemployment ratesThe second graph shows the employment population ratio, the participation rate, and the unemployment rate. The unemployment rate decreased to 8.1% (red line).

The Labor Force Participation Rate declined to 63.5% in August (blue line)- another new cycle low. This is the percentage of the working age population in the labor force.

The participation rate is well below the 66% to 67% rate that was normal over the last 20 years, although most of the recent decline is due to demographics.

The Employment-Population ratio declined to 58.3% in August (black line). This is a new low for the year, and just above the cycle low.

Percent Job Losses During Recessions The third graph shows the job losses from the start of the employment recession, in percentage terms. The dotted line is ex-Census hiring.

The economy has added 1.11 million jobs over the first eight months of the year (1.21 million private sector jobs). At this pace, the economy would add around 1.8 million private sector jobs in 2012; less than the 2.1 million added in 2011. Also, at this pace of payroll job growth, the unemployment rate will probably still be above 8% at the end of the year.

This was another weak employment report, especially with the downward revisions and slight decline in hourly earnings.

All Employment Graphs

ISM Manufacturing index decreases slightly in August to 49.6

ISM PMIThis is the third consecutive month of contraction (below 50) in the ISM index since the recession ended in 2009. PMI was at 49.6% in August, down slightly from 49.8% in July. The employment index was at 51.6%, down from 52.0%, and the new orders index was at 47.1%, down from 48.0%.

Here is a long term graph of the ISM manufacturing index.

This was below expectations of 50.0%. This suggests manufacturing contracted in August for the third consecutive month.

ISM Non-Manufacturing Index increases in August

ISM Non-Manufacturing IndexThe August ISM Non-manufacturing index was at 53.7%, up from 52.6% in July. The employment index increased in August to 53.8%, up from 49.3% in July. Note: Above 50 indicates expansion, below 50 contraction.

This graph shows the ISM non-manufacturing index (started in January 2008) and the ISM non-manufacturing employment diffusion index.

This was above the consensus forecast of 53.0% and indicates faster expansion in August than in July. The internals were mixed with the employment index up sharply, but new order down slightly.

U.S. Light Vehicle Sales at 14.5 million annual rate in August

Vehicle SalesBased on an estimate from Autodata Corp, light vehicle sales were at a 14.52 million SAAR in August. That is up 17% from August 2011, and up 3% from the sales rate last month.

The year-over-year increase was fairly large because the auto industry was still recovering from the impact of the tsunami and related supply chain issues in 2011 (the issues were mostly over in September of 2011).

Sales have averaged a 14.17 million annual sales rate through the first seven months of 2012, up from 12.4 million rate for the same period of 2011.

This was above the consensus forecast of 14.3 million SAAR (seasonally adjusted annual rate).

It looks like auto sales will be up slightly in Q3 compared to Q2, and make another small positive contribution to GDP.

Construction Spending decreased in July

Private Construction Spending This graph shows private residential and nonresidential construction spending, and public spending, since 1993. Note: nominal dollars, not inflation adjusted.

Private residential spending is 61% below the peak in early 2006, and up 19% from the recent low. Non-residential spending is 29% below the peak in January 2008, and up about 30% from the recent low.

Public construction spending is now 15% below the peak in March 2009 and near the post-bubble low.

Private Construction SpendingThe second graph shows the year-over-year change in construction spending.

On a year-over-year basis, private residential construction spending is now up 19%. Non-residential spending is also up year-over-year mostly due to energy spending (power and electric). Public spending is still down year-over-year, although it now appears public construction spending is moving sideways.

The slight decline in residential construction spending in July followed several months of solid gains. The solid year-over-year increase in private residential investment is a positive for the economy (the increase in 2010 was related to the tax credit).
All Housing Investment and Construction Graphs

Weekly Initial Unemployment Claims decline to 365,000

The DOL reports:
In the week ending September 1, the advance figure for seasonally adjusted initial claims was 365,000, a decrease of 12,000 from the previous week's revised figure of 377,000. The 4-week moving average was 371,250, an increase of 250 from the previous week's revised average of 371,000.
The dashed line on the graph is the current 4-week average. The four-week average of weekly unemployment claims increased to 371,250.

This was below the consensus forecast of 370,000.

All current Employment Graphs
Other Economic Stories ...
ADP: Private Employment increased 201,000 in August
AAR: Rail Traffic "mixed" in August, Building related commodities were up
Trulia: Asking House Prices increased in August, Rent increases slow
Housing: Inventory down 23% year-over-year in early September