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Tuesday, September 09, 2014

BLS: Jobs Openings at 4.7 million in July, Up 22% Year-over-year

by Calculated Risk on 9/09/2014 10:00:00 AM

From the BLS: Job Openings and Labor Turnover Summary

here were 4.7 million job openings on the last business day of July, little changed from June, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. ...
...
Quits are generally voluntary separations initiated by the employee. Therefore, the quits rate can serve as a measure of workers’ willingness or ability to leave jobs. ... The number of quits was little changed in July at 2.5 million.
The following graph shows job openings (yellow line), hires (dark blue), Layoff, Discharges and other (red column), and Quits (light blue column) from the JOLTS.

This series started in December 2000.

Note: The difference between JOLTS hires and separations is similar to the CES (payroll survey) net jobs headline numbers. This report is for July, the most recent employment report was for August.

Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey Click on graph for larger image.


Note that hires (dark blue) and total separations (red and light blue columns stacked) are pretty close each month. This is a measure of labor market turnover.  When the blue line is above the two stacked columns, the economy is adding net jobs - when it is below the columns, the economy is losing jobs.

Jobs openings decreased slightly in July to 4.673 million from 4.675 million in June.  

The number of job openings (yellow) are up 22% year-over-year compared to July 2013.

Quits are up 9% year-over-year and are at the highest level since 2008. These are voluntary separations. (see light blue columns at bottom of graph for trend for "quits").

It is a good sign that job openings are over 4 million for the sixth consecutive month, and that quits are increasing.