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Friday, December 22, 2023

Personal Income increased 0.4% in November; Spending increased 0.2%

by Calculated Risk on 12/22/2023 08:30:00 AM

The BEA released the Personal Income and Outlays report for November:

Personal income increased $81.6 billion (0.4 percent at a monthly rate) in November, according to estimates released today by the Bureau of Economic Analysis. Disposable personal income (DPI), personal income less personal current taxes, increased $71.9 billion (0.4 percent) and personal consumption expenditures (PCE) increased $46.7 billion (0.2 percent).

The PCE price index decreased 0.1 percent. Excluding food and energy, the PCE price index increased 0.1 percent. Real DPI increased 0.4 percent in November and real PCE increased 0.3 percent; goods increased 0.5 percent and services increased 0.2 percent.
emphasis added
The November PCE price index increased 2.6 percent year-over-year (YoY), down from 2.9 percent YoY in October, and down from the recent peak of 7.1 percent in June 2022.

The PCE price index, excluding food and energy, increased 3.2 percent YoY, down from 3.4 percent in October, and down from the recent peak of 5.6 percent in February 2022.

The following graph shows real Personal Consumption Expenditures (PCE) through November 2023 (2012 dollars). Note that the y-axis doesn't start at zero to better show the change.

Personal Consumption Expenditures Click on graph for larger image.

The dashed red lines are the quarterly levels for real PCE.

Personal income was at expectations, and PCE was slightly below expectations.

Inflation was below expectations.

Using the two-month method to estimate Q4 real PCE growth, real PCE was increasing at a 2.3% annual rate in Q4 2023. (Using the mid-month method, real PCE was increasing at 3.1%).  This suggests solid PCE growth in Q4.