Wednesday, February 10, 2021

Fed Chair Powell: Corrected Unemployment Rate Close to 10% in January

by Calculated Risk on 2/10/2021 02:19:00 PM

From Fed Chair Powell: Getting Back to a Strong Labor Market Excerpt:

Employment in January of this year was nearly 10 million below its February 2020 level, a greater shortfall than the worst of the Great Recession's aftermath.

After rising to 14.8 percent in April of last year, the published unemployment rate has fallen relatively swiftly, reaching 6.3 percent in January. But published unemployment rates during COVID have dramatically understated the deterioration in the labor market. Most importantly, the pandemic has led to the largest 12-month decline in labor force participation since at least 1948.  Fear of the virus and the disappearance of employment opportunities in the sectors most affected by it, such as restaurants, hotels, and entertainment venues, have led many to withdraw from the workforce. At the same time, virtual schooling has forced many parents to leave the work force to provide all-day care for their children. All told, nearly 5 million people say the pandemic prevented them from looking for work in January. In addition, the Bureau of Labor Statistics reports that many unemployed individuals have been misclassified as employed. Correcting this misclassification and counting those who have left the labor force since last February as unemployed would boost the unemployment rate to close to 10 percent in January.
Powell Unemployment Rate Click on graph for larger image.

This graph from the Fed shows the actuall unemployment rate and some alternative estimates (mostly due to people leaving the labor force).