Friday, January 31, 2020

Personal Income increased 0.2% in December, Spending increased 0.3%

by Calculated Risk on 1/31/2020 09:02:00 AM

The BEA released the Personal Income and Outlays report for December:

Personal income increased $40.7 billion (0.2 percent) in December according to estimates released today by the Bureau of Economic Analysis. Disposable personal income (DPI) increased $30.6 billion (0.2 percent) and personal consumption expenditures (PCE) increased $46.6 billion (0.3 percent).

Real DPI decreased 0.1 percent in December and Real PCE increased 0.1 percent. The PCE price index increased 0.3 percent. Excluding food and energy, the PCE price index increased 0.2 percent
The December PCE price index increased 1.6 percent year-over-year and the December PCE price index, excluding food and energy, increased 1.6 percent year-over-year.

The following graph shows real Personal Consumption Expenditures (PCE) through December 2019 (2012 dollars). Note that the y-axis doesn't start at zero to better show the change.

Personal Consumption Expenditures Click on graph for larger image.

The dashed red lines are the quarterly levels for real PCE.

The increase in personal income was below expectations, and the increase in PCE was at expectations.

PCE growth was sluggish in Q4, and inflation remains below the Fed's target.