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Thursday, June 06, 2013

Fed's Q1 Flow of Funds: Household Mortgage Debt down $1.3 Trillion from Peak, Record Household Net Worth

by Calculated Risk on 6/06/2013 12:26:00 PM

The Federal Reserve released the Q1 2013 Flow of Funds report today: Flow of Funds.

According to the Fed, household net worth increased in Q1 compared to Q4 2012, and is at a new record. Net worth peaked at $67.4 trillion in Q3 2007, and then net worth fell to $51.4 trillion in Q1 2009 (a loss of $16 trillion). Household net worth was at $70.3 trillion in Q1 3013 (up $18.3 trillion from the trough).

The Fed estimated that the value of household real estate increased to $18.5 trillion in Q1 2013. The value of household real estate is still $4.2 trillion below the peak in early 2006.

Household Net Worth as Percent of GDP Click on graph for larger image.

This is the Households and Nonprofit net worth as a percent of GDP.  Although household net worth is at a record high, this is still below the peaks in 2000 (stock bubble) and 2006 (housing bubble).

This includes real estate and financial assets (stocks, bonds, pension reserves, deposits, etc) net of liabilities (mostly mortgages). Note that this does NOT include public debt obligations.

This ratio was relatively stable (or increasing gradually) for almost 50 years, and then we saw the stock market and housing bubbles. The ratio has been trending up and increased again in Q1 with both stock and real estate prices increasing.

Household Percent EquityThis graph shows homeowner percent equity since 1952.

Household percent equity (as measured by the Fed) collapsed when house prices fell sharply in 2007 and 2008.

In Q1 2013, household percent equity (of household real estate) was at 49.2% - up from Q4, and the highest since Q4 2007. This was because of both an increase in house prices in Q1 (the Fed uses CoreLogic) and a reduction in mortgage debt.

Note: about 30.3% of owner occupied households had no mortgage debt as of April 2010. So the approximately 52+ million households with mortgages have far less than 49.2% equity - and millions have negative equity.

Household Real Estate Assets Percent GDP The third graph shows household real estate assets and mortgage debt as a percent of GDP.

Mortgage debt declined by $53.2 billion in Q1. Mortgage debt has now declined by $1.27 trillion from the peak. Studies suggest most of the decline in debt has been because of foreclosures (or short sales), but some of the decline is from homeowners paying down debt (sometimes so they can refinance at better rates).

The value of real estate, as a percent of GDP, was up in Q1 (as house prices increased), but not far above the lows of the last 30 years. However household mortgage debt, as a percent of GDP, is still historically high, suggesting still more deleveraging ahead for certain households.