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Thursday, August 09, 2012

Trade Deficit declined in June to $42.9 Billion

by Calculated Risk on 8/09/2012 09:09:00 AM

The Department of Commerce reported:

[T]otal June exports of $185.0 billion and imports of $227.9 billion resulted in a goods and services deficit of $42.9 billion, down from $48.0 billion in May, revised. June exports were $1.7 billion more than May exports of $183.3 billion. June imports were $3.5 billion less than May imports of $231.4 billion.
The trade deficit was below the consensus forecast of $47.5 billion.

The first graph shows the monthly U.S. exports and imports in dollars through June 2012.

U.S. Trade Exports Imports Click on graph for larger image.

Exports increased in June and imports decreased. Exports are 11% above the pre-recession peak and up 7% compared to June 2011; imports are just below the pre-recession peak, and up about 2% compared to June 2011.

The second graph shows the U.S. trade deficit, with and without petroleum, through June.

U.S. Trade Deficit The blue line is the total deficit, and the black line is the petroleum deficit, and the red line is the trade deficit ex-petroleum products.

Oil averaged $100.13 in June, down from $107.91 per barrel in May. The decline in oil prices contributed to the overall decline in the trade deficit. The trade deficit with China increased to $27.4 billion in June, up from $26.6 billion in June 2011. Once again most of the trade deficit is due to oil and China.

Exports to the euro area were $17.4 billion in June, up from $16.4 billion in June 2011; so the euro area recession didn't lead to less US exports to the euro area in June.