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Thursday, May 24, 2012

FDIC-insured institutions’ 1-4 Family Real Estate Owned (REO) decreased in Q1

by Calculated Risk on 5/24/2012 10:45:00 AM

The FDIC released the Quarterly Banking Profile today for Q1 2012.

Here is the press released from the FDIC: FDIC - Insured Institutions Earned $35.3 Billion in the First Quarter of 2012

Commercial banks and savings institutions insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) reported an aggregate profit of $35.3 billion in the first quarter of 2012, a $6.6 billion improvement from the $28.8 billion in net income the industry reported in the first quarter of 2011. This is the 11th consecutive quarter that earnings have registered a year-over-year increase. However, loan balances declined by $56.3 billion (0.8 percent) after three consecutive quarterly increases.

FDIC Acting Chairman Martin J. Gruenberg said, "The condition of the industry continues to gradually improve. Insured institutions have made steady progress in shedding bad loans, bolstering net worth, and increasing profitability." He also noted, "The overall decline in loan balances is disappointing after we saw three quarters of growth last year. But we should be cautious in drawing conclusions from just one quarter."
The number of "problem" institutions fell for the fourth quarter in a row. The number of "problem" institutions declined from 813 to 772. This is the smallest number of "problem" banks since year-end 2009. Total assets of "problem" institutions declined from $319 billion to $292 billion. Sixteen insured institutions failed during the first quarter. This is the smallest number of failures in a quarter since the fourth quarter of 2008, when there were 12.

The Deposit Insurance Fund (DIF) balance continued to increase. The DIF balance — the net worth of the fund — rose to $15.3 billion at March 31 from $11.8 billion at the end of 2011. Assessment revenue and fewer bank failures continued to drive growth in the fund balance.
On 1-4 family Real Estate Owned (REO), the report showed that REO by FDIC insured institutions declined to $11.08 billion in Q1, from $11.64 billion in Q4 2011. FDIC insured institutions REO peaked at $14.8 billion in Q3 2010.

Unfortunately the FDIC does not collect data on the number of properties held by FDIC-insured institutions, instead they aggregate the carrying value of 1-4 family residential REO on FDIC-insured institutions’ balance sheets.

FDIC insured Institutions REO Dollars Click on graph for larger image in new window.

Here is a graph of the 1-4 family REO carrying value for FDIC insured institutions since Q1 2003.

Note: FDIC insured institutions have other REO and this is just the 1-4 family residential REO (other REO includes Construction & Development, Multi-family, Commercial, Farm Land).

Of course this is just a small portion of the total 1-4 family REO. The FHA, Fannie and Freddie have already reported that REO declined in Q1. I'll have more on REO soon.