Saturday, December 05, 2009

FDIC Bank Failure Update

by Calculated Risk on 12/05/2009 08:39:00 AM

The FDIC closed six more banks on Friday, with the largest - AmTrust Bank - estimated to cost the Deposit Insurance Fund $2 billion. That brings the total FDIC bank failures to 130 in 2009.

From the Plain Dealer on AmTrust: AmTrust Bank fails, bought by New York bank

While the closure is not surprising -- given the parent company's bankruptcy filing this week -- it is still stunning to the bank's 280,000 local customers, 1,400 local employees and a community that had watched the sleepy thrift become a national powerhouse and an important philanthropic force across Northeast Ohio.
...
While depositors aren't losing anything, the FDIC fund is taking an estimated $2 billion hit, [FDIC spokesman David Barr] said. The FDIC entered into an agreement to cap New York Community Bank's potential losses on the loans it's buying. NYCB agreed to buy about $9 billion in AmTrust assets. The FDIC will keep the remaining $3 billion in loans to sell later.

Among the nation's 8,100 banks, AmTrust was the 92nd largest as of June 30. At its height, it was the 68th largest in 2006 and 2007. In the last two years it's lost nearly 40 percent of its assets and deposits as its loans lost value, CDs matured and customers left. AmTrust was simply into mortgage lending too deep, much of it risky or in markets that were about to implode.
The following graph shows bank failures by week in 2009.

FDIC Bank Failures Click on graph for larger image in new window.

Note: Week 1 on graph ends Jan 9th.

The bank failures seem to come in bunches, and with 3 weeks to go it seems 140+ bank failures is likely this year.

Deposit Insurance Fund The second graph shows the cumulative estimated losses to the FDIC Deposit Insurance Fund (DIF) and the quarterly assets of the DIF (as reported by the FDIC). Note that the FDIC takes reserves against future losses in the DIF, and collects fees and special assessments - so you can't just subtract estimated losses from assets to determine the assets remaining in the DIF.

The cumulative estimated losses for the DIF, since early 2007, is now over $52.4 billion.