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Monday, June 15, 2009

Fitch: U.S. CMBS Delinquencies Past 2%

by Calculated Risk on 6/15/2009 11:56:00 AM

Fitch: Multifamily & Retail Defaults Drive U.S. CMBS Delinquencies Past 2%
Large loan defaults coupled with declining performance on multifamily and retail properties resulted in a 29 basis point (bp) climb to 2.07% for U.S. CMBS delinquencies in May, according to the latest Fitch Ratings Loan Delinquency Index. This marks the highest percentage of delinquencies since Fitch began its Index in 2001.

"Defaults on larger loans continue to drive delinquency increases because later vintage transactions have larger loans, many underwritten with now unrealized proforma income, as well as now-depleted debt service reserves and high leverage," said Managing Director and U.S. CMBS group head Susan Merrick.
emphasis added
Some CRE loans were based on overly optimistic proforma income (aka wishful thinking like stated income), and the loans included reserves to pay interest until rents increased (like a negatively amortizing option ARM). When the reserves run dry, and the proforma income is "unrealized", the borrower defaults.

And by sector:
Declining performance, particularly in oversupplied markets, as well as in secondary and tertiary markets, has pushed the multifamily delinquency rate to 4.55%, the highest of all property types. Multifamily properties have been highly susceptible to default in CMBS during the current economic downturn.

The 60 days or more delinquency rate for retail properties is slightly higher than the index at 2.24%.
Loans backed by hotels have thus far withstood economic pressures and continue to slightly outperform the Index with a 1.91% delinquency rate.