by Bill McBride on 4/19/2014 08:31:00 AM
Saturday, April 19, 2014
The key reports this week are March Existing Home Sales on Tuesday and March New Home sales on Wednesday.
For manufacturing, the April Richmond and Kansas City Fed surveys will be released.
8:30 AM ET: Chicago Fed National Activity Index for March. This is a composite index of other data.
9:00 AM: FHFA House Price Index for February 2013. This was original a GSE only repeat sales, however there is also an expanded index. The consensus is for a 0.3% increase.
10:00 AM: Existing Home Sales for March from the National Association of Realtors (NAR).
The consensus is for sales of 4.56 million on seasonally adjusted annual rate (SAAR) basis. Sales in February were at a 4.60 million SAAR. Economist Tom Lawler estimates the NAR will report sales of 4.64 million SAAR.
As always, a key will be inventory of homes for sale.
10:00 AM: Richmond Fed Survey of Manufacturing Activity for April. The consensus is for a reading of 0, up from -7 in March.
7:00 AM: The Mortgage Bankers Association (MBA) will release the results for the mortgage purchase applications index.
10:00 AM: New Home Sales for March from the Census Bureau.
This graph shows New Home Sales since 1963. The dashed line is the February sales rate.
The consensus is for an in increase in sales to 455 thousand Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate (SAAR) in March from 440 thousand in February.
During the day: The AIA's Architecture Billings Index for March (a leading indicator for commercial real estate).
8:30 AM: The initial weekly unemployment claims report will be released. The consensus is for claims to increase to 313 thousand from 304 thousand.
8:30 AM: Durable Goods Orders for March from the Census Bureau. The consensus is for a 2.0% increase in durable goods orders.
11:00 AM: the Kansas City Fed manufacturing survey for April.
9:55 AM: Reuter's/University of Michigan's Consumer sentiment index (final for April). The consensus is for a reading of 82.5, down from the preliminary reading of 82.6, but up from the March reading of 80.0.
Friday, April 18, 2014
by Bill McBride on 4/18/2014 08:21:00 PM
Following some comments from Senator Rand Paul, I've been requested to post this again with a couple of tables added.
Senator Paul said last week: "When is the last time in our country we created millions of jobs? It was under Ronald Reagan ..."
That is completely wrong. (I've corrected both Republicans and Democrats, but recently it is mostly prominent Republicans that make stuff up!).
Here is a table for private sector jobs. Reagan's 2nd term saw about the same job growth as during Carter's term. Note: There was a severe recession at the beginning of Reagan's first term (when Volcker raised rates to slow inflation) and a recession near the end of Carter's term (gas prices increased sharply and there was an oil embargo).
Jobs Added (000s)
|GW Bush 1||-841|
|GW Bush 2||379|
|1Just over one year into 2nd term|
The first graph below shows the change in private sector payroll jobs from when each president took office until the end of their term(s). President George H.W. Bush only served one term, and President Obama is just starting the second year of his second term.
Mr. G.W. Bush (red) took office following the bursting of the stock market bubble, and left during the bursting of the housing bubble. Mr. Obama (blue) took office during the financial crisis and great recession. There was also a significant recession in the early '80s right after Mr. Reagan (yellow) took office.
There was a recession towards the end of President G.H.W. Bush (purple) term, and Mr Clinton (light blue) served for eight years without a recession.
Click on graph for larger image.
The first graph is for private employment only.
The employment recovery during Mr. G.W. Bush's (red) first term was very sluggish, and private employment was down 841,000 jobs at the end of his first term. At the end of Mr. Bush's second term, private employment was collapsing, and there were net 462,000 private sector jobs lost during Mr. Bush's two terms.
Private sector employment increased slightly under President G.H.W. Bush (purple), with 1,510,000 private sector jobs added.
Private sector employment increased by 20,955,000 under President Clinton (light blue), by 14,717,000 under President Reagan (yellow), and 9,041,000 under President Carter (dashed green).
There were only 1,998,000 more private sector jobs at the end of Mr. Obama's first term. Just over one year into Mr. Obama's second term, there are now 4,690,000 more private sector jobs than when he initially took office.
And a table for public sector jobs. Public sector jobs declined the most during Obama's first term, and increased the most during Reagan's 2nd term.
Jobs Added (000s)
|GW Bush 1||900|
|GW Bush 2||844|
|1Just over one year into 2nd term|
A big difference between the presidencies has been public sector employment. Note the bumps in public sector employment due to the decennial Census in 1980, 1990, 2000, and 2010.
The public sector grew during Mr. Carter's term (up 1,304,000), during Mr. Reagan's terms (up 1,414,000), during Mr. G.H.W. Bush's term (up 1,127,000), during Mr. Clinton's terms (up 1,934,000), and during Mr. G.W. Bush's terms (up 1,744,000 jobs).
However the public sector has declined significantly since Mr. Obama took office (down 738,000 jobs). These job losses have mostly been at the state and local level, but more recently at the Federal level. This has been a significant drag on overall employment.
Looking forward, I expect the economy to continue to expand for the next few years, so I don't expect a sharp decline in private employment as happened at the end of Mr. Bush's 2nd term (In 2005 and 2006 I was warning of a coming recession due to the bursting of the housing bubble).
The bottom line is Mr. Paul was completely wrong.
The best private sector job growth was under Clinton (both terms) followed by Reagan's 2nd term and Carter (Obama's 2nd term will probably be close - even with a declining participation rate).
The largest increase in public sector jobs was during Reagan's 2nd term. The largest decrease was under Obama. It is important to get the facts correct.
by Bill McBride on 4/18/2014 03:24:00 PM
The NAR will report March Existing Home Sales on Tuesday, April 22nd. The consensus is for sales of 4.56 million on seasonally adjusted annual rate (SAAR) basis. Sales in February were at a 4.60 million SAAR. Economist Tom Lawler estimates the NAR will report sales of 4.64 million SAAR.
Housing economist Tom Lawler has been sending me his predictions of what the NAR will report for 4 years. The table below shows the consensus for each month, Lawler's predictions, and the NAR's initial reported level of sales.
Lawler hasn't always been closer than the consensus, but usually when there has been a fairly large spread between Lawler's estimate and the "consensus", Lawler has been closer.
Over the last four years, the consensus average miss was 160 thousand with a standard deviation of 170 thousand. Lawler's average miss was 70 thousand with a standard deviation of 50 thousand.
Note: Many analysts now change their "forecast" after Lawler's estimate is posted, so the consensus is doing a little better recently!
|Existing Home Sales, Forecasts and NAR Report|
millions, seasonally adjusted annual rate basis (SAAR)
|1NAR initially reported before revisions.|
by Bill McBride on 4/18/2014 12:25:00 PM
Just a quick graph ... heavy truck sales really collapsed during the recession, falling to a low of 181 thousand in April 2009 on a seasonally adjusted annual rate (SAAR) from a peak of 555 thousand in February 2006.
Sales doubled from the recession low by April 2012 - and have mostly moved sideways since then.
Click on graph for larger image.
This graph shows heavy truck sales since 1967 using data from the BEA. The dashed line is current estimated sales rate.
As construction - both residential and commercial - picks up, heavy truck sales will probably increase further.
by Bill McBride on 4/18/2014 10:33:00 AM
From the BLS: Regional and State Employment and Unemployment Summary
Regional and state unemployment rates were generally little changed in March. Twenty-one states had unemployment rate decreases, 17 states and the District of Columbia had increases, and 12 states had no change, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today.Click on graph for larger image.
Rhode Island had the highest unemployment rate among the states in March, 8.7 percent. The next highest rates were in Nevada and Illinois, 8.5 percent and 8.4 percent, respectively. North Dakota again had the lowest jobless rate, 2.6 percent.
This graph shows the current unemployment rate for each state (red), and the max during the recession (blue). All states are well below the maximum unemployment rate for the recession.
The size of the blue bar indicates the amount of improvement.
The states are ranked by the highest current unemployment rate. No state has double digit or even a 9% unemployment rate.
The second graph shows the number of states with unemployment rates above certain levels since January 2006. At the worst of the employment recession, there were 10 states with an unemployment rate above 11% (red).
Currently no state has an unemployment rate at or above 9% (purple), four states are at or above 8% (light blue), and 13 states are at or above 7% (blue).