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Tuesday, October 04, 2022

BLS: Job Openings Decreased to 10.1 million in August

by Calculated Risk on 10/04/2022 10:06:00 AM

From the BLS: Job Openings and Labor Turnover Summary

The number of job openings decreased to 10.1 million on the last business day of August, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Hires and total separations were little changed at 6.3 million and 6.0 million, respectively. Within separations, quits (4.2 million) and layoffs and discharges (1.5 million) were little changed.
emphasis added
The following graph shows job openings (black line), hires (dark blue), Layoff, Discharges and other (red column), and Quits (light blue column) from the JOLTS.

This series started in December 2000.

Note: The difference between JOLTS hires and separations is similar to the CES (payroll survey) net jobs headline numbers. This report is for August the employment report this Friday will be for September.

Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey Click on graph for larger image.

Note that hires (dark blue) and total separations (red and light blue columns stacked) are usually pretty close each month. This is a measure of labor market turnover.  When the blue line is above the two stacked columns, the economy is adding net jobs - when it is below the columns, the economy is losing jobs.

The spike in layoffs and discharges in March 2020 is labeled, but off the chart to better show the usual data.

Jobs openings decreased in August to 10.053 million from 11.170 million in July.

The number of job openings (black) were down 5% year-over-year. 

Quits were up slightly year-over-year. These are voluntary separations. (See light blue columns at bottom of graph for trend for "quits").

CoreLogic: House Prices up 13.5% YoY in August; Declined 0.7% MoM in August

by Calculated Risk on 10/04/2022 08:00:00 AM

Notes: This CoreLogic House Price Index report is for August. The recent Case-Shiller index release was for July. The CoreLogic HPI is a three-month weighted average and is not seasonally adjusted (NSA).

From CoreLogic: Annual US Home Price Gains Lose Steam Again in August, CoreLogic Reports

CoreLogic® ... today released the CoreLogic Home Price Index (HPI™) and HPI Forecast™ for August 2022.

Although U.S. home prices continued their 127-month run of consecutive annual gains in August, they slowed for the fourth straight month to 13.5%. That’s the lowest year-over-year appreciation recorded since April 2021 and partially reflects continued cooling buyer demand due to higher mortgage rates and housing trends motivated by the COVID-19 outbreak winding down. The 0.7% month-over-month price decrease also indicates reduced homebuyer enthusiasm, with nearly three-quarters of states posting declines from July.

“The increased cost of homeownership has dampened buyer demand and caused prices to decelerate at a faster pace than initially expected,” said Selma Hepp, interim lead of the Office of the Chief Economist at CoreLogic. “Housing markets on the West Coast and in the Mountain West, as well as second-home markets, recorded particularly strong price growth in the summer of 2021 but were the first to see month-over-month price declines during the same period this year. While decelerating price growth and price declines benefit younger potential homebuyers, mortgage rates that are approaching 7% may cut many hopefuls out of the picture.”
U.S. home prices (including distressed sales) increased 13.5% year over year in August 2022 compared to August 2021. On a month-over-month basis, home prices declined by 0.7% compared to July 2022.
emphasis added

Monday, October 03, 2022

Tuesday: Job Openings, CoreLogic House Prices

by Calculated Risk on 10/03/2022 08:28:00 PM

Mortgage Rates From Matthew Graham at Mortgage News Daily: Mortgage Rates Continue Recovering

Mortgage rates remain elevated in the context of the past decade and 2022 in general, but they continue making progress after hitting long-term highs early last week. ... The average lender is now getting back into the middle to upper-middle 6% range depending on the scenario and the presence of "points" in the loan quote. [30 year fixed 6.69%]
emphasis added
• At 8:00 AM ET, Corelogic House Price index for August.

• At 10:00 AM, Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey for August from the BLS.

Vehicles Sales Increased to 13.49 million SAAR in September

by Calculated Risk on 10/03/2022 06:37:00 PM

Wards Auto released their estimate of light vehicle sales for September. Wards Auto estimates sales of 13.49 million SAAR in September 2022 (Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate), up 2.3% from the August sales rate, and up 9.8% from September 2021. 

Vehicle SalesClick on graph for larger image.

This graph shows light vehicle sales since 2006 from the BEA (blue) and Wards Auto's estimate for September (red).

The impact of COVID-19 was significant, and April 2020 was the worst month.  After April 2020, sales increased, and were close to sales in 2019 (the year before the pandemic).  

However, sales decreased late last year due to supply issues.  It appears the "supply chain bottom" was in September 2021.

Vehicle SalesThe second graph shows light vehicle sales since the BEA started keeping data in 1967.

Sales in September were at the consensus forecast of 13.5 million SAAR.

Q3 2022 Update: Unofficial Problem Bank list Decreased to 51 Institutions; Search for "Whale" Continues

by Calculated Risk on 10/03/2022 03:56:00 PM

The FDIC's official problem bank list is comprised of banks with a CAMELS rating of 4 or 5, and the list is not made public (just the number of banks and assets every quarter). Note: Bank CAMELS ratings are also not made public.

CAMELS is the FDIC rating system, and stands for Capital adequacy, Asset quality, Management, Earnings, Liquidity and Sensitivity to market risk. The scale is from 1 to 5, with 1 being the strongest.

As a substitute for the CAMELS ratings, surferdude808 is using publicly announced formal enforcement actions, and also media reports and company announcements that suggest to us an enforcement action is likely, to compile a list of possible problem banks in the public interest.

DISCLAIMER: This is an unofficial list, the information is from public sources only, and while deemed to be reliable is not guaranteed. No warranty or representation, expressed or implied, is made as to the accuracy of the information contained herein and same is subject to errors and omissions. This is not intended as investment advice. Please contact CR with any errors.

NOTE: I'm no longer updating the spreadsheet.

Here are the quarterly changes and a few comments from surferdude808:
Update on the Unofficial Problem Bank List through September 30, 2022. Since the last update at the end of June 2022, the list decreased by one to 51 institutions after an addition and two removals. Assets decreased by $2.9 billion to $51.5 billion, with the change primarily resulting from a $2.2 billion decrease from updated asset figures through June 30, 2021. A year ago, the list held 59 institutions with assets of $54.9 billion. Added during the third quarter was Unity National Bank of Houston, Houston, TX ($246 million). Removals during the quarter because of action termination included Southwestern National Bank, Houston, TX ($884 million) and Amory Federal Savings and Loan Association, Amory, MS ($74 million).

With the conclusion of the third quarter, we bring an updated transition matrix to detail how banks are transitioning off the Unofficial Problem Bank List. Since we first published the Unofficial Problem Bank List on August 7, 2009 with 389 institutions, 1,785 institutions have appeared on a weekly or monthly list since then. Only 2.9 percent of the banks that have appeared on a list remain today as 1,734 institutions have transitioned through the list. Departure methods include 1,024 action terminations, 411 failures, 280 mergers, and 19 voluntary liquidations. Of the 389 institutions on the first published list, only 3 or less than 1.0 percent, still have a troubled designation more than ten years later. The 411 failures represent 23 percent of the 1,785 institutions that have made an appearance on the list. This failure rate is well above the 10-12 percent rate frequently cited in media reports on the failure rate of banks on the FDIC's official list.

On September 8, 2022, the FDIC released second quarter results and provided an update on the Official Problem Bank List. While FDIC did not make a comment within its press release on the Official Problem Bank List, they provided details in an attachment that listed 40 institutions with assets of $170 billion. In its 2022 first quarter release, the FDIC list had a material $119 billion increase in assets. Since that release, none of the prudential banking regulators – FDIC, Federal Reserve, and OCC – have publicly released an enforcement action detailing an enforcement action against a large institution. The Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act (FIRREA) passed by Congress in 1989 requires publication of enforcement actions. See “Supervisory Enforcement Actions Since FIRREA and FDICIA,” published by the Federal reserve Bank of Minneapolis for further details. Prior to FIRREA, enforcement actions were not published by the prudential banking regulators. Section 913 of FIRREA requires public disclosures of enforcement actions. Section 913(2) does allow a delay in the enforcement action publication if “exceptional circumstances” exist. The prudential regulator must make a written determination that publication “would seriously threaten the safety & soundness of an insured depository institution.” The prudential regulator “may delay the publication of such order for a reasonable time.” The section does not define “a reasonable time.” It has been more than six months since that enforcement action was issued, so it seems the primary regulator considers this a “reasonable time” before it informs the public of a large, troubled institution.
Regulators still haven't disclosed the "whale" (that added close to $120 billion to problem assets).

Black Knight Mortgage Monitor: "Home Prices Down Again in August ... Now 2% Off June Peak"

by Calculated Risk on 10/03/2022 11:13:00 AM

Today, in the Calculated Risk Real Estate Newsletter: Black Knight Mortgage Monitor: "Home Prices Down Again in August ... Now 2% Off June Peak"

A brief excerpt:

Here is a graph of the Black Knight HPI. The index is still up 12.1% year-over-year but was down almost 1% in August (after a similar decline in July).

30 year Mortgage 10 year Treasury
• According to the Black Knight HPI, median home prices fell 0.98% in August, only marginally better than July's upwardly revised 1.05% monthly decline

• July and August 2022 mark the largest single-month price declines seen since January 2009 and rank among the eight largest on record

• The housing market has not seen such a significant two-month drop in prices since shortly after the collapse of Lehman Brothers in the winter of 2008
There is much more in the article. You can subscribe at

Construction Spending Decreased 0.7% in August

by Calculated Risk on 10/03/2022 10:19:00 AM

From the Census Bureau reported that overall construction spending increased:

Construction spending during August 2022 was estimated at a seasonally adjusted annual rate of $1,781.3 billion, 0.7 percent below the revised July estimate of $1,793.5 billion. The August figure is 8.5 percent above the August 2021 estimate of $1,641.6 billion.
emphasis added
Both private spending and public spending decreased:
Spending on private construction was at a seasonally adjusted annual rate of $1,426.0 billion, 0.6 percent below the revised July estimate of $1,435.2 billion. ...

In August, the estimated seasonally adjusted annual rate of public construction spending was $355.3 billion, 0.8 percent below the revised July estimate of $358.3 billion.
Construction Spending Click on graph for larger image.

This graph shows private residential and nonresidential construction spending, and public spending, since 1993. Note: nominal dollars, not inflation adjusted.

Residential (red) spending is 35% above the bubble peak (in nominal terms - not adjusted for inflation).

Non-residential (blue) spending is 24% above the bubble era peak in January 2008 (nominal dollars).

Public construction spending is 9% above the peak in March 2009.

Year-over-year Construction SpendingThe second graph shows the year-over-year change in construction spending.

On a year-over-year basis, private residential construction spending is up 12.5%. Non-residential spending is up 5.5% year-over-year. Public spending is up 3.3% year-over-year.

This was below consensus expectations of a 0.3% decrease in spending; however, construction spending for the previous two months combined were revised up sharply.

ISM® Manufacturing index Declined to 50.9% in September

by Calculated Risk on 10/03/2022 10:05:00 AM

(Posted with permission). The ISM manufacturing index indicated expansion. The PMI® was at 50.9% in September, down from 52.8% in August. The employment index was at 48.7%, down from 54.2% last month, and the new orders index was at 47.1%, down from 51.3%.

From ISM: Manufacturing PMI® at 50.9% September 2022 Manufacturing ISM® Report On Business®

Economic activity in the manufacturing sector grew in September, with the overall economy achieving a 28th consecutive month of growth, say the nation's supply executives in the latest Manufacturing ISM® Report On Business®.

The report was issued today by Timothy R. Fiore, CPSM, C.P.M., Chair of the Institute for Supply Management® (ISM®) Manufacturing Business Survey Committee:

The September Manufacturing PMI® registered 50.9 percent, 1.9 percentage points lower than the 52.8 percent recorded in August. This figure indicates expansion in the overall economy for the 28th month in a row after contraction in April and May 2020. The Manufacturing PMI® figure is the lowest since May 2020, when it registered 43.5 percent. The New Orders Index returned to contraction territory at 47.1 percent, 4.2 percentage points lower than the 51.3 percent recorded in August. The Production Index reading of 50.6 percent is a 0.2-percentage point increase compared to August’s figure of 50.4 percent. The Prices Index registered 51.7 percent, down 0.8 percentage point compared to the August figure of 52.5 percent. This is the index’s lowest reading since June 2020 (51.3 percent). The Backlog of Orders Index registered 50.9 percent, 2.1 percentage points lower than the August reading of 53 percent. After a single month of expansion, the Employment Index contracted at 48.7 percent, 5.5 percentage points lower than the 54.2 percent recorded in August. The Supplier Deliveries Index reading of 52.4 percent is 2.7 percentage points lower than the August figure of 55.1 percent. This is the index’s lowest reading since before the coronavirus pandemic (52.2 percent in December 2019). The Inventories Index registered 55.5 percent, 2.4 percentage points higher than the August reading of 53.1 percent. The New Export Orders Index contracted at 47.8 percent, down 1.6 percentage points compared to August’s figure of 49.4 percent. This is the index’s lowest reading since June 2020, when it registered 47.6 percent. The Imports Index remained in expansion territory at 52.6 percent, 0.1 percentage point above the August reading of 52.5 percent.”
emphasis added
This suggests manufacturing expanded at a slower pace in September than in August.  This was below the consensus forecast.

Housing October 3rd Update: Inventory Increased 0.8% Last Week; Hits New Peak for 2022

by Calculated Risk on 10/03/2022 08:49:00 AM

Active inventory increased for the 3rd consecutive week, increasing 0.8% last week, and hitting a new peak for the year.  Here are the same week inventory changes for the last four years (usually inventory is declining at this time of year):

2022: +4.3K
2021: -4.6K
2020: -4.9K
2019: -7.7K

Inventory bottomed seasonally at the beginning of March 2022 and is now up 133% since then.  Altos reports inventory is up 31.1% year-over-year. 

Altos Home Inventory Click on graph for larger image.

This inventory graph is courtesy of Altos Research.

As of September 30th, inventory was at 561 thousand (7-day average), compared to 557 thousand the prior week. 

Compared to the same week in 2021, inventory is up 31.1% from 428 thousand, and compared to the same week in 2020 inventory is down only 0.3% from 563 thousand.  Compared to 3 years ago, inventory is down 41.3% from 963 thousand.

Here are the inventory milestones I’m watching for with the Altos data:

1. The seasonal bottom (happened on March 4th for Altos) ✅

2. Inventory up year-over-year (happened on May 13th for Altos) ✅

3. Inventory up compared to two years ago (currently down 0.3% according to Altos)

4. Inventory up compared to 2019 (currently down 41.3%).

Altos Home Inventory
Here is a graph of the inventory change vs 2021, 2020 (milestone 3 above) and 2019 (milestone 4).

The blue line is the year-over-year data, the red line is compared to two years ago, and dashed purple is compared to 2019.

Two years ago (in 2020) inventory was declining all year.  Based on the recent changes in inventory, my current estimate is inventory will be up next week compared to 2020!

A key will be if inventory increases in the Fall this year.  Inventory was up in September.

Mike Simonsen discusses this data regularly on Youtube.

Four High Frequency Indicators for the Economy

by Calculated Risk on 10/03/2022 08:33:00 AM

These indicators are mostly for travel and entertainment.    It is interesting to watch these sectors recover as the pandemic subsides.

----- Airlines: Transportation Security Administration -----

The TSA is providing daily travel numbers.

This data is as of October 2nd.

TSA Traveler Data Click on graph for larger image.

This data shows the 7-day average of daily total traveler throughput from the TSA for 2019 (Light Blue), 2020 (Black), 2021 (Blue) and 2022 (Red).

The dashed line is the percent of 2019 for the seven-day average.

The 7-day average is down 10.9% from the same day in 2019 (89.1% of 2019).  (Dashed line) 

Air travel - as a percent of 2019 - had picked up towards the end of Summer, but is now, off about 10% from 2019 like earlier in the year.  

----- Movie Tickets: Box Office Mojo -----

Move Box OfficeThis data shows domestic box office for each week and the median for the years 2016 through 2019 (dashed light blue).  

Black is 2020, Blue is 2021 and Red is 2022.  

The data is from BoxOfficeMojo through September 29th.

Note that the data is usually noisy week-to-week and depends on when blockbusters are released.  

Movie ticket sales were at $83 million last week, down about 41% from the median for the week.

----- Hotel Occupancy: STR -----

Hotel Occupancy RateThis graph shows the seasonal pattern for the hotel occupancy rate using the four-week average.

The red line is for 2022, black is 2020, blue is the median, and dashed light blue is for 2021. Dashed purple is 2019 (STR is comparing to a strong year for hotels).

This data is through Sept 24th. The occupancy rate was down 1.5% compared to the same week in 2019. 

The 4-week average of the occupancy rate is above the median rate for the previous 20 years (Blue).

Notes: Y-axis doesn't start at zero to better show the seasonal change.

----- Gasoline Supplied: Energy Information Administration -----

gasoline Consumption
This graph, based on weekly data from the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), shows gasoline supplied compared to the same week of 2019.

Blue is for 2020.  Purple is for 2021, and Red is for 2022.

As of September 23rd, gasoline supplied was down 5.6% compared to the same week in 2019.

Recently gasoline supplied has been running below 2019 and 2021 levels - and sometimes below 2020.