Thursday, September 15, 2011

Key Measures of Inflation increase in August

by Bill McBride on 9/15/2011 01:31:00 PM

Earlier today the BLS reported:

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 0.4 percent in August on a seasonally adjusted basis ... The gasoline index rose for the 12th time in the last 14 months and led to a 1.2 percent increase in the energy index, while the food index rose 0.5 percent, its largest increase since March. ... The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.2 percent in August, the same increase as the previous month.
The Cleveland Fed released the median CPI and the trimmed-mean CPI this morning:
According to the Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, the median Consumer Price Index rose 0.3% (3.6% annualized rate) in August. The 16% trimmed-mean Consumer Price Index increased 0.3% (4.0% annualized rate) during the month. The median CPI and 16% trimmed-mean CPI are measures of core inflation calculated by the Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland based on data released in the Bureau of Labor Statistics' (BLS) monthly CPI report.

Earlier today, the BLS reported that the seasonally adjusted CPI for all urban consumers rose 0.4% (4.6% annualized rate) in August. The CPI less food and energy increased 0.2% (3.0% annualized rate) on a seasonally adjusted basis.

Over the last 12 months, the median CPI rose 2.0%, the trimmed-mean CPI rose 2.4%, the CPI rose 3.8%, and the CPI less food and energy rose 2.0%
Note: The Cleveland Fed has a discussion of a number of measures of inflation: Measuring Inflation. You can see the median CPI details for August here.

Inflation Measures Click on graph for larger image in graph gallery.

On a year-over-year basis, these measures of inflation are increasing, and are near the Fed's target.

On a monthly basis, the median Consumer Price Index increased 3.6% at an annualized rate, the 16% trimmed-mean Consumer Price Index increased 4.0% annualized in July, and core CPI increased 3.0% annualized.

Earlier:
Weekly Initial Unemployment Claims increased to 428,000
Industrial Production increased 0.2% in August, Capacity Utilization increases slightly
NY and Philly Fed Manufacturing surveys show contraction