Friday, November 14, 2008

FDIC Loan Modification Proposal Estimated to Cost $24.4 Billion

by Calculated Risk on 11/14/2008 12:41:00 PM

From the FDIC: FDIC Loss Sharing Proposal to Promote Affordable Loan Modifications

Although foreclosures are costly to lenders, borrowers and communities, the pace of loan modifications continues to be extremely slow (around 4 percent of seriously delinquent loans each month). It is imperative to provide incentives to achieve a sufficient scale in loan modifications to stem the reductions in housing prices and rising foreclosures.

Modifications should be provided using a systematic and sustainable process. The FDIC has initiated a systematic loan modification program at IndyMac Federal Bank to reduce first lien mortgage payments to as low as 31% of monthly income. Modifications are based on interest rate reductions, extension of term, and principal forbearance. A loss share guarantee on redefaults of modified mortgages can provide the necessary incentive to modify mortgages on a sufficient scale, while leveraging available government funds to affect more mortgages than outright purchases or specific incentives for every modification. The FDIC would be prepared to serve as contractor for Treasury and already has extensive experience in the IndyMac modification process.

Basic Structure and Scope of Proposal
This proposal is designed to promote wider adoption of such a systematic loan modification program:

  • by paying servicers $1,000 to cover expenses for each loan modified according to the required standards; and

  • sharing up to 50% of losses incurred if a modified loan should subsequently re-default

    We envision that the program can be applied to the estimated 1.4 million non-GSE mortgage loans that were 60 days or more past due as of June 2008, plus an additional 3 million non-GSE loans that are projected to become delinquent by year-end 2009. Of this total of approximately 4.4 million problem loans, we expect that about half can be modified, resulting in some 2.2 million loan modifications under the plan.
  • There are more details in the press release, and the following table provides a summary:

    FDIC Loan Mod Plan