by Bill McBride on 12/21/2014 07:01:00 PM
Sunday, December 21, 2014
From James Hamilton at Econbrowser: Do falling oil prices raise the threat of deflation?
If gasoline prices stay where they are and if we buy the same number of gallons of gasoline this year as last, that leaves us with an additional $160 billion to spend over the course of the year on other items. If we restate the total savings for U.S. consumers and businesses in terms of the 116 million U.S. households, that works out to almost $1400 per household.Monday:
It’s a particularly big deal for the lower-income households, who spend a much higher fraction of their income on energy.
Historically consumers have responded to windfalls like this by becoming more open to the big-ticket purchases that play a huge role in cyclical economic swings.
• At 8:30 AM ET, the Chicago Fed National Activity Index for November. This is a composite index of other data.
• At 10:00 AM, the Existing Home Sales for November from the National Association of Realtors (NAR). The consensus is for sales of 5.20 million on seasonally adjusted annual rate (SAAR) basis. Sales in October were at a 5.26 million SAAR. Economist Tom Lawler estimates the NAR will report sales of 4.90 million SAAR.
• Schedule for Week of December 21st
• Existing Home Sales: A Likely "Miss"
From CNBC: Pre-Market Data and Bloomberg futures.
Oil prices were up over the last week with WTI futures at $57.13 per barrel and Brent at $61.38 per barrel. A year ago, WTI was at $99, and Brent was at $111 - so prices are down 42% and 45% year-over-year respectively.
Below is a graph from Gasbuddy.com for nationwide gasoline prices. Nationally prices are around $2.41 per gallon (down about 80 cents from a year ago). If you click on "show crude oil prices", the graph displays oil prices for WTI, not Brent; gasoline prices in most of the U.S. are impacted more by Brent prices.
|Orange County Historical Gas Price Charts Provided by GasBuddy.com|
by Bill McBride on 12/21/2014 09:59:00 AM
To understand what the general public is hearing about oil, I watched a Yahoo video yesterday with Katie Couric explaining the decline in oil prices.
In general the piece was very good. Couric started by explaining that the decline in oil prices could be explained in two words: Supply and Demand. She discussed reasons for more supply and softening demand.
Note: from Professor Hamilton "[In October] I discussed the three main factors in the recent fall in oil prices: (1) signs of a return of Libyan production to historical levels, (2) surging production from the U.S., and (3) growing indications of weakness in the world economy."
I'd add to the discussion that the short run supply and demand curves are both very steep for oil, so small changes in supply and / or demand can cause a large change in price (see A Comment on Oil Prices).
But then Couric mentioned a myth I've heard several times recently. She said:
In fact, [the U.S.] is now the world’s largest producer of petroleum, and for the last two years, it has been selling more to other countries than it’s been buying. Who knew?"Who knew?" No one, because it is not true. Yes, the U.S. is the largest producer this year (ahead of Saudi Arabia and Russia), but the U.S. is NOT "selling more to other countries than it's been buying".
The source of this error is that the U.S. is a net exporter of refined petroleum products, such as refined gasoline. Here is the EIA data on Weekly Imports & Exports of crude oil and petroleum products. The U.S. is importing around 9 million barrels per day of crude oil and products, and exporting around 4 million per day (mostly refined products). The U.S. is a large net importer!
Note: Here is some data on natural gas (the U.S. is net importer).
Another data source is the monthly trade balance report from the Department of Commerce that shows about a net petroleum trade deficit of about $15 to $20 billion per month this year. The good news is the petroleum contribution to the trade deficit has been declining, but it is still very large.
Couric was correct about supply and demand, but it is important to note the U.S. is still a large importer of oil.
Saturday, December 20, 2014
by Bill McBride on 12/20/2014 04:51:00 PM
The NAR will report November Existing Home Sales on Monday, December 22nd. The consensus is the NAR will report sales at 5.20 million seasonally adjusted annual rate (SAAR), however economist Tom Lawler estimates the NAR will report sales of 4.90 million on a SAAR basis.
Housing economist Tom Lawler has been sending me his predictions of what the NAR will report for over 4 years. The table below shows the consensus for each month, Lawler's predictions, and the NAR's initial reported level of sales.
Lawler hasn't always been closer than the consensus, but usually when there has been a fairly large spread between Lawler's estimate and the "consensus", Lawler has been closer.
Over the last four years, the consensus average miss was 150 thousand with a standard deviation of 160 thousand. Lawler's average miss was 70 thousand with a standard deviation of 45 thousand.
Note: Many analysts now change their "forecast" after Lawler's estimate is posted, so the consensus has been doing a little better recently! Looking at the consensus for November, maybe some of the analysts took an early vacation this week.
|Existing Home Sales, Forecasts and NAR Report|
millions, seasonally adjusted annual rate basis (SAAR)
|1NAR initially reported before revisions.|
by Bill McBride on 12/20/2014 12:19:00 PM
The key reports this week are November Existing Home Sales on Monday, November Personal Income and Outlays on Tuesday, November New Home Sales on Tuesday, and the third estimate of Q3 GDP also on Tuesday.
Merry Christmas and Happy Holidays to All!
8:30 AM ET: Chicago Fed National Activity Index for November. This is a composite index of other data.
10:00 AM: Existing Home Sales for November from the National Association of Realtors (NAR).
The consensus is for sales of 5.20 million on seasonally adjusted annual rate (SAAR) basis. Sales in October were at a 5.26 million SAAR. Economist Tom Lawler estimates the NAR will report sales of 4.90 million SAAR.
A key will be the reported year-over-year increase in inventory of homes for sale.
8:30 AM: Durable Goods Orders for November from the Census Bureau. The consensus is for a 2.9% increase in durable goods orders.
8:30 AM: Personal Income and Outlays for November. The consensus is for a 0.5% increase in personal income, and for a 0.5% increase in personal spending. And for the Core PCE price index to increase 0.1%.
8:30 AM: Gross Domestic Product, 3rd quarter 2014 (third estimate). The consensus is that real GDP increased 4.3% annualized in Q3, revised up from the second estimate of 3.9%.
9:00 AM: FHFA House Price Index for October 2014. This was originally a GSE only repeat sales, however there is also an expanded index. The consensus is for a 0.2% increase.
9:55 AM: Reuter's/University of Michigan's Consumer sentiment index (final for December). The consensus is for a reading of 93.0, down from the preliminary reading of 93.8, and up from the November reading of 88.8.
10:00 AM: New Home Sales for November from the Census Bureau.
This graph shows New Home Sales since 1963. The dashed line is the September sales rate.
The consensus is for an increase in sales to 460 thousand Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate (SAAR) in November from 458 thousand in October.
10:00 AM: Richmond Fed Survey of Manufacturing Activity for December.
7:00 AM: The Mortgage Bankers Association (MBA) will release the results for the mortgage purchase applications index.
8:30 AM: The initial weekly unemployment claims report will be released. The consensus is for claims to increase to 290 thousand from 289 thousand.
The NYSE and the NASDAQ will close at 1:00 PM ET.
All US markets will be closed in observance of the Christmas Holiday.
No economic releases scheduled.
by Bill McBride on 12/20/2014 08:07:00 AM
This is an unofficial list of Problem Banks compiled only from public sources.
Here is the unofficial problem bank list for Dec 19, 2014.
Changes and comments from surferdude808:
The OCC released an update on its latest enforcement action activity that contributed to many changes to the Unofficial Problem Bank List this week. Also, the FDIC closed a bank this Friday in what will likely will be the last closure of the year. In all, there were nine removals and four additions that leave the list with 401 institutions with assets of $125.1 billion. A year ago, the list held 633 institutions with assets of $216.7 billion. Assets on the list increased by $1.2 billion this week and one would have to go all the way back about two years to the week ending November 16, 2012 for a similar increase in assets.CR Note: The first unofficial problem bank list was published in August 2009 with 389 institutions. The list peaked at 1,002 institutions on June 10, 2011, and is now down to 401.
Actions were terminated against The First National Bank of Layton, Layton, UT ($276 million); Stephens Federal Bank, Toccoa, GA ($147 million); First Federal Savings and Loan Association of Independence, Independence, KS ($137 million Ticker: FFSL); First Federal Bank, A FSB, Tuscaloosa, AL ($128 million); First National Community Bank, Chatsworth, GA ($124 million); Community Federal Savings Bank, Woodhaven, NY ($123 million); The Citizens National Bank of Meyersdale, Meyersdale, PA ($76 million); and Port Byron State Bank, Port Byron, IL ($75 million).
The FDIC shuttered Northern Star Bank, Mankato, MN ($19 million) today making it the 18th failure this year. A total of 23 institutions headquartered in Minnesota have failed since the on-set of the Great Recession, which ranks fifth after Georgia (88), Florida (71), Illinois (61), and California (40).
Additions this week were CertusBank, National Association, Easley, SC ($1.5 billion); Bank of Manhattan, N.A., El Segundo, CA ($496 million Ticker: MNHN); Solera National Bank, Lakewood, CO ($148 million Ticker: SLRK); and First Scottsdale Bank, National Association, Scottsdale, AZ ($95 million).
Next week we anticipate the FDIC will release an update on its enforcement action activity.